The city of Wells is a part of rural county Somerset, which is known for its hills, caves and national parks. Though it is the second smallest city of England, however, it is the major city of the county. It is a historical city of great importance and has many remains of the older culture. It is due to this importance, that it was given the status of a city during medieval times despite its small area and low population. The historical sites attract many tourists not only from Somerset, but from other parts of England too. Therefore, organizations are working to provide visitors with more and more facilities.
History Behind its Name:
It is said that there were three famous wells in the city, so the name was kept. The water from these wells was believed to have healing powers. One of these wells has become a well-known monument of the city and is protected from damages. The rest of the wells are now within the premises of the Cathedral and Bishop’s Palace.
The city of Wells used to be under the control of Roman Empire. The Roman settlement had carried out various developments in the city. The roads connecting nearby cities were passed through here so the residents can travel easily. Temples were also built for religious purposes.
Flourishing of Christianity:
Christianity religion had widely spread among the people of Wells during 8th century. The Christian Emperors had focused upon building of churches that could be visited easily by the followers. A minster church was built here in 704 under the orders of Saxon King Ine of Wessex. The kings after him also improved its condition. The seat of diocese of Wells was under the possession of the city until 1066.
Normans had later taken over the control of the city and moved the seat of diocese to Bath. A few buildings were demolished as the city did not hold much importance now in religious terms, however, cathedral building was revived. The seat of diocese was finally moved back to Wells in the year 1244.
Post-Civil War Conditions:
Civil War had badly affected the city, especially the Cathedral of Wells. The building was used as a horse stable and sculptures were used when fire was being made. After that, Monmouth Rebellion was another reason why the structure of the cathedral is not same anymore as it used to be. After the rebellions were captured and were found guilty, then were sentenced to heavy punishments. When all this chaos subsided, the cathedral building and other parts of the city were rebuilt.
Wells City is known to be the hidden gem of Somerset. It has faced many bad times when the law and order situations were not right and the major infrastructure of the city was demolished. But Wells has been brought back to life every time. Now tourism is the major industry in the city and the occupation of majority of population is related to it. The tourists visit to witness the historical remains and monuments.